Playboy founder and mythical women’ guy Hugh Hefner has died on the age of 91, consistent with Playboy Enterprises.
The mag stated he used to be surrounded by way of family members and “peacefully passed away today from natural causes at his home.”
“My father lived an exceptional and impactful life as a media and cultural pioneer and a leading voice behind some of the most significant social and cultural movements of our time in advocating free speech, civil rights and sexual freedom,” Hefner’s son Cooper stated in a commentary. “He defined a lifestyle and ethos that lie at the heart of the Playboy brand, one of the most recognizable and enduring in history. He will be greatly missed by many.”
Hefner’s dream of operating his personal mag started whilst he used to be running as a replica editor at Esquire in 1952, and the next 12 months he secured sufficient investment to release Playboy.
The December 1953 inaugural factor featured none rather then Marilyn Monroe as its quilt woman, and the mag would pass directly to grow to be a multibillion-dollar empire ― together with TV sequence, web pages, DVDs and never-ending approved products ― and one of the recognizable manufacturers on the planet.
In the 1960s, Hefner turned into the general public face of the corporate and used to be recognized for his smoking jacket, his pipe and the reassurance that anyplace he used to be, a bevy of lovely girls surrounded him. He introduced a sequence of personal key golf equipment that he staffed with hostesses referred to as Bunnies for his or her now-iconic uniforms that integrated ears and a tail.
Hefner used to be arrested in 1963 and charged with promoting obscene literature after publishing nude pictures of actress Jayne Mansfield. The fees had been dropped after a jury used to be not able to achieve a verdict, however the enjoy led Hefner to release the Playboy Foundation, which supplied investment to teams researching human sexuality and combating censorship.
Hefner took the corporate public in 1971, however by way of the mid-’70s, the mag used to be going through extra festival with the coming of hardcore publications comparable to Penthouse, and circulate started to fall. In reaction, the mag launched its first full-frontal nude centerfold in January 1972, that includes type Marilyn Cole.
The Playboy founder suffered a minor stroke in 1985, only a few weeks shy of his 59th birthday. It used to be an eye-opening enjoy for Hefner, who determined it used to be time to tone down his wild events, consistent with the Los Angeles Times.
“I survived a stroke two weeks ago,” Hefner stated in a commentary. “My recovery is total and something of a miracle. What has happened is actually a ‘stroke of luck’ that I fully expect will change the direction of my life.”
He passed over his empire to daughter Christie, who have been president of Playboy Enterprises since 1982. She started operating the corporate as chairman of the board and CEO in 1988.
In 2009, Scott Flanders changed Hefner’s daughter as CEO and Playboy Enterprises Inc. started to make a thorough shift that specialize in its branding attainable and licensing alternatives.
Two years later, Hefner made a $207 million deal to shop for out the corporate and take it non-public. The deal gave him a $1 million-a-year contract, complete editorial regulate of the mag and the proper to stay dwelling on the Playboy Mansion, Forbes reported. Hefner instructed The Hollywood Reporter in September 2011 that he owned with regards to 37 p.c of the company, however famous that he had restricted involvement with the corporate’s new center of attention on licensing. The media multi-millionaire additionally printed he estimated his non-public wealth at greater than $100 million.
In that very same article, THR broached the topic of dying, but it surely used to be now not one thing Hefner ever mentioned, an in depth colleague stated. Hefner stated he used to be now not fearful of dying and had no religion in any afterlife. And his dying wasn’t simply a topic that Hefner have shyed away from ― on the time, the corporate hadn’t thought of it both.
“That’s hard to imagine. There’s no succession plan,” Flanders instructed THR.
But the corporate wasn’t with no plan for lengthy. In 2012, Hefner introduced his then-21-year-old son, Cooper, used to be being groomed to grow to be the general public face of the corporate.
In August, Cooper Hefner used to be named leader inventive officer of the corporate.
While Hugh Hefner used to be at all times surrounded by way of stunning girls, lately he’s made essentially the most headlines for the corporate he saved ― younger, blond Playboy fashions who lived with him on the notorious Playboy Mansion.
Hefner used to be first married in 1949 to a Northwestern University scholar named Mildred Williams, with whom he has two kids ― Christie and David ― earlier than divorcing in 1959.
In 1989, he married once more, this time to Playmate of the Year Kimberley Conrad, who used to be 36 years his junior. Together the couple had two sons, Marston and Cooper, earlier than they separated in 1998 and divorced in 2010.
During his 12-year separation from Conrad, Hefner had relationships with most of the younger fashions featured in his mag, together with dual sisters Sandy and Mandy Bentley, or even dated seven girls without delay. His concurrent relationships with Playboy Playmates Holly Madison, Bridget Marquardt and Kendra Wilkinson had been featured at the fact sequence “The Girls Next Door.”
In 2008, all 3 girls determined to go away Hefner and the Playboy Mansion, prompting Hefner to begin relationship Crystal Harris, who used to be 60 years his junior, in conjunction with 20-year-old twins Kristina and Karissa Shannon. Hefner broke issues off with the twins and proposed to Harris in 2010.
The couple deliberate to marry in June 2011, however Harris determined to name off their nuptials simply 5 days earlier than they had been scheduled to replace their vows. After some extremely publicized combating over the custody in their canine, the couple reconciled with the assistance of Hefner’s longtime secretary Mary O’Connor, who died in 2013. Hefner stated “I do” to Harris and tied the knot for a 3rd time on Dec. 31, 2012.
Hefner and Playboy made headlines extra just lately for his or her determination to prevent publishing nudes within the print mag and selected Pamela Anderson to be their ultimate bare quilt type for the January/February 2016 factor. The mag determined to position nudity again within the mag previous this 12 months so that you can take its “identity back” and reclaim “who we are.”
Also ultimate 12 months, the Playboy Mansion, the enduring Five-acre, 29-room West Los Angeles property owned by way of Playboy Enterprises, bought for $100 million, with one catch: Hefner requested that he be allowed to proceed dwelling and dealing there till his dying.
In an interview for Larry King’s 2004 ebook, “Remember Me When I’m Gone,” Hefner shared his ideas on his legacy at Playboy and past.
“I’d like to be remembered as someone who played some part in changing our hurtful and hypocritical views on sex ― and had a lot of fun doing it.”
Hefner is survived by way of his spouse, Crystal, and his kids Cooper, Christie, Marston and David.